Juncus balticus is becoming increasingly frequent along roads and freeways as a result of salting for ice and snow melting. This species has been variously treated as part of the variation displayed by J. arcticus Willd. or, in the narrower sense, as part of distinct species.
About Baltic Rush (Juncus balticus) 11 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Juncus balticus is a species of rush known by the common name Baltic rush. It is native to a large part of North and South America. In California it is very widespread and occurs in every county.
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Juncus balticus is a species of rush known by the common name Baltic rush.It is a perennial flowering plant in the family Juncaceae.This plant can reach a height of about 75cm.: 937 It is native to maritime areas of northern Britain, the Baltic and Scandinavia where it occurs in dune slacks. It is available from specialist nurseries for landscaping and soil stabilization purposes.
Faunal Associations: Insects that feed on Baltic Rush (Juncus arcticus balticus) and other rushes (Juncus spp.) include such species as Spharagemon collare (Mottled Sand Grasshopper), the aquatic leaf beetle Plateumaris pusilla, stem-boring larvae of some Cerodontha spp. (Agromyzid flies), the seed bugs Cymodema breviceps and Cymus angustatus, the aphids Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae and Prociphilus.
Juncus balticus is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in flower from June to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
Juncus balticus adalah satu species dari genus Juncus yang dikenal dengan nama umum Baltic rush.Tanaman ini tumbuh menyebar di banyak tempat dan dapat mencapai tinggi sekitar 1 meter (3 kaki). Menurut sejumlah tradisi, tumbuhan ini dipakai untuk mengikat anyaman ranting berduri dari tumbuhan Ziziphus spina-christi membentuk mahkota duri yang ditaruh di atas kepala Yesus Kristus menjelang.
Baltic rush is a native rhizomatous perennial generally of moist meadows and pastures. The wiry stems are surrounded at the base by a bladeless leaf sheath, and the inflorescence is positioned toward the tip of the stem. The involucral bract (what appears to be a continuation of the stem above the point where the inflorescence attaches) is much shorter than the total length of the stem.
Hybridizes with Juncus breweri, Juncus mexicanus, Juncus lescurii. Synonyms: Juncus arcticus Willd. var. balticus (Willd.) Trautv.; Juncus balticus var. montanus Engelm. Jepson eFlora Author: Peter F. Zika Reference: (Ertter 1986 Mem New York Bot Gard 39:1--90) Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange).
The genus Juncus was first named by Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 Species Plantarum.The type species of the genus was designated by Frederick Vernon Coville, who in 1913 chose the first species in Linnaeus' account, Juncus acutus. Juncus can be divided into two major groups, one group with cymose inflorescences that include bracteoles, and one with racemose inflorescences with no bracteoles.
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Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Baltic Rush: branching cluster appearing lateral to the stem, 6 to 30 flowers single on variable-length stalks, 6 dark purple-brown tepals 3.5 to 5.5mm long, all about equal, capsules about as long as tepals.
Juncus balticus, a monocot, is a perennial grasslike herb that is native to California and and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond.
Juncus arcticus var. balticus: JEF: Juncus balticus var. montanus: More information about Juncus balticus ssp. ater. Nursery availability from CNPLX This plant is available commercially. Jepson eFlora. Search efloras.org (Flora of North America) Landscape information from Calscape.
Juncus arcticus and J. balticus were both originally described from northern Europe. In most of this area they are very different in general morphology and in many detailed features. When comparing a series of 'typical' plants, no one would be in doubt about them being two different species.
Juncus arcticus var. balticus or Juncus arcticus var. mexicanus is dominant or co-dominant in the herbaceous layer with Achillea millefolium, Argentina egedii, Bolboschoenus robustus, Bromus diandrus, Carex spp., Conium maculatum, Deschampsia cespitosa, Distichlis spicata, Eleocharis acicularis, Geum macrophyllum, Iris missouriensis, Juncus effusus, Juncus phaeocephalus, Lepidium latifolium.
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